The Royal Text in the History of Abyssinia during the reign of Emperor Amda Seyon (1314-1344): translation and analytic study




Researchers divide Ethiopian history into two main eras, the first of which begins in the fourth century AD with the entry of Christianity into Ethiopia during the era of King Ezana (1). The history of this period depends on a group of inscriptions and excavations. Some historical news continues until the end of the fifth century AD, almost until the era of Caleb and his campaigns to southern Arabia, then Ethiopia enters its dark ages, which extended until the middle of the thirteenth century AD, through which we do not receive any documents, manuscripts or inscriptions that tell what happened in those days. The historical period, except for some scattered news about the Agawi dynasty that ruled Ethiopia from the tenth century until the thirteenth century AD.

Author Biography

Rasha Elsayed Said Ahmed /Arab Republic of Egypt, Cairo University

  • Holds a Bachelor of Arts degree. Department of Oriental Languages and Literature, Semitic Languages ​​Branch. Faculty of Arts, Cairo University.

Specialization: : Hebrew language and literature. Judaism religion. Ancient, Medieval and Modern Jewish History.

  • Holds a master’s degree. Faculty of Arts, Cairo University.

Specialization:  Ancient Ethiopian language “Ge’ez”, Ethiopian literature and history. Study of the internal affairs of Ethiopia during the Middle ages. And its religious, political and commercial external relations with Arab Republic of Egypt. As well as it’s commercial relations with each of Arabian Peninsula in its parts (Syrian Arab Republic, Hijaz, Yemen). And Southeast Asia.

  • The book for the master’s thesis has been published and preserved now in the libraries of Cairo University, Ain Shams University, Alexandria University, and the Alexandria International Library in Egypt.



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Christine Shayo: The Ethiopian Orthodox Church (Tewahedo), A Brief Introduction to Its Life and Spirituality, Foundation for Supporting Dialogue between the Families of Orthodox Churches, Paris, (without date).

Edward Ullendorf: The Ethiopians, London, 1960.

Fawzi Abdel Razek Beyli Makkawi: The Kingdom of Aksum, a study of the kingdom’s political history and some aspects of its civilization, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of History, Institute of African Research and Studies, Cairo University, July 1947.

G.W.B.Huntingford: The Glorious Victories of Amda Seyon, king of Ethiopia, Oxford, University press,1965.

G.W.B. Huntingford: The Land Charters of Northern Ethiopia, translated with an introduction and notes, Oxford Uni Press, Addis Ababa Nairobi, 1965.

Ibn al-Atheer (Izz al-Din Abi al-Hassan Ali bin Muhammad bin Abdul Karim al-Shaibani, 630 AH / 1233 AD): Al-Kamel fi Al-Tarikh, Volume One, investigated by Abi Al-Fida Abdullah Al-Qadi, and Hamad Youssef Al-Daqqaq, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya, Beirut Lebanon 1385 AH / 1995 AD.

Karam Kamal al-Din al-Sawy: Baptism and its internal reforms in Abyssinia (1314-1344), Institute of African Research and Studies, Cairo University 2000.

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Magdy Abdel Razek Suleiman: The Royal Text in the History of Abyssinia during the Ages of the two Emperors Zara Yaqoub (1434 – 1468) and his son Ba’id Mariam (1468 – 1478), translation and analytical study, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of Oriental Languages and Literature, Faculty of Arts, Cairo University 1991.

Manfred Kropp: Dear Siegreiche Feldzug des konigs Amda Seyon Gegen Die Muslim in Adal Im Jahre 1332N.chr, Lovan II, 1994.

Muhammad Khalifa Hassan: The Ethiopian Text in the History of Ethiopia from 1769-1840 AD, translation, commentary and study, unpublished MA thesis, Department of Oriental Languages and Literature, Faculty of Arts, Cairo University 1968 AD.

Perruchon,J : Histoire des guerres de Amda Seyon, Rai d’Ethiopie, in J.A, ser.8.T.XIV.1pres

Pauls Massad: Abyssinia in a turning point from its history, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Masryah, Al-Asriya Press in Faggala, Egypt, without date.

Richard Pankhurst: An introduction to the economic history of Ethiopia from early time to 1800, sidgwich and Jackson LTD., First Edition, London, England, 1961.

Richard Pankhurst(ed): The Ethiopian royal chronicles, Addiss Abab, 1967.

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Roderick Grierson: African Zion, The Sacred of Ethiopia, Yale Uni Press, New Haven and London, The Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addiss Ababa.

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Sergew Hable Sellassi: Ancient and Medival Ethiopian History to 1270, Addis Ababa, united printers, 1972.

Simon,K.M: The Ethiopian Orthodox Church, Addiss Ababa, w.d.

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Tamrat: Church and State in Ethiopia (Oxford: Clarendon press, 1972.

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List of Encyclopedias and dictionaries:

Encyclopedia AEthiopica Edited by Siegbert Uhlig, volume1(A-C), Wiesbaden,2003.

Encyclopedia AEthiopica, Edited by: Siegbert Uhlig,vol 2, Wiesbaden, 2005.

Encyclopedia AEthiopica, Edited by: Siegbert Uhlig, vol 4 (O-X), Wiesbaden 2010.

The Dictionary of Ethiopian Biography, editors: Belaynesh Michael, s.Chojnacki& Richard Pankhurst, volume1.

de Ethiopia, in Baccari,vol.III , Brit. Mus. Orient.820 folio 7.

Ms.Bruce 88.folio ugv, conzelman,chronique de Galawdewos 1895.

International Arab Encyclopedia, Volume 25, Second Edition.




How to Cite

/Arab Republic of Egypt, R. E. S. A. . (2022). The Royal Text in the History of Abyssinia during the reign of Emperor Amda Seyon (1314-1344): translation and analytic study. TSU-TI — THE INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES, 1(1).